Heart Disease: Important Signs, Symptoms and Types of Heart Problems

In This Article

Heart Disease: Important Signs, Symptoms and Types of Heart Problems

Dr. Ananya Ghosh

Dr. Ananya Ghosh

Updated on May 30, 2024

Medically verified by Dr. Arya

Fact checked by Dr. Pournami

symptoms of heart disease

Cardiology

10 min read

You may have often heard about someone suffering from heart disease.

Unfortunately, heart disease is widely prevalent in India and is one of the top killers.

But, it is pretty much treatable if detected early.

Wondering how you would be able to catch it and nip it at the bud? Or, care to know what are the signs, symptoms, and the various kinds of heart problems?

You’re in the right place. Karetrip is here to enlighten you about the signs and symptoms of heart diseases, their types and when to visit a doctor.

Also, there are various kinds of heart diseases and each one has a different cause of malfunctioning of the different parts of the heart. We will simply this apect for you as well.

Warning Signs of Heart Disease

Signs and symptoms vary from a simple sweating to intense chest pain or Angina. There are also some unusual signs that may indicate heart problems. Some people may not experience any symptoms till the final call. So, it's very difficult to understand your heart.

Let’s see some of the common signs of heart disease:

  • Chest pain

  • Radiating arm pain

  • Extreme fatigue

  • Irregular heartbeat

Now let us see some of the unusual signs of heart disease:

Note that having these symptoms does not mean you are prone to having a heart attack. It simply means that if there is no underlying cause of the symptoms, there may be your heart that is trying to warn you.

Some of these confusing symptoms are:

  • Feeling sick all of a sudden

  • Excessive Sweating

  • Upper stomach pain

  • Radiating Leg pain

  • Jaw or back pain

  • Choking sensation without any food trapped

  • Swollen ankles

Types of Heart Diseases

There are several types of heart diseases found in people. The most common is coronary artery disease. Each of the types of heart disorders are caused by different reasons. Let’s try to understand these.

  • Coronary Artery Disease – This is caused by deposition of fat commonly called plaques in your arteries and blocking the transfer of blood from the heart. This is found in people with high levels of bad cholesterol in their body. This can be prevented by medication to lower the cholesterol and diet alteration along with change in lifestyle.

  • Arrhythmias – This is caused by impaired heartbeat. Your heart has become incapable of sending regular electric signals to pump out blood to the parts of the body. Due to this the normal rhythm of heartbeat is lost and people tend to fall into the fate of heart attack. This abnormality of the heart can be prevented by implanting stents or pacemakers.

  • Heart Failure – When the heart becomes incapable to function properly due to any reasons it stops working. The ability to pump blood to every inch of your body is lost and the heart's work stops suddenly.

  • Heart Valve Disease – There are 4 valves present in your heart. Valves are basically the partition door that restricts the backflow of blood during the pumping motion of the heart. If these valves are out of order, the impure blood gets mixed with the pure blood and the efficiency of the heart is reduced. You have to implant artificial heart valves to correct this disorder.

  • Pericardial Disease – Your heart is surrounded by several layers of muscles. Some severe infection in your body may affect your heart. There is fluid retention in between this layer of the heart. This leads to reduced pumping power of the blood and ultimately heart failure.

  • Cardiomyopathy – This is the disorder when the heart muscles get weakened due to some reasons. This impairs the heart’s ability to pump blood efficiently.

  • Congenital Heart Disease – Some people are born with defects in heart development. There can be numerous defects present. Usually, the concerned person is made aware about the condition since childhood and is restricted to perform certain high intensity workouts. Such individuals must be very cautious about their health and any uncomfortableness must be brought to the notice of a medical professional at the earliest.

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Risk Factors

Any heart disorder has a common set of risk factors. These risk factors determine the person who is more prone to suffer from any heart diseases.

  • Diabetes – Person with elevated blood sugar level is prone to develop heart disease. Usually, the person with uncontrolled diabetes has a higher risk of heart problems.

  • Overweight and obesity – There is an increased pressure of work demand for the heart of an obese person. If your BMI is more than normal, try to reduce some weight to keep your heart healthy.

  • Unhealthy diet – Health starts from what food you intake. Indulging in more street foods and avoiding veggies and fruits is not good for your gut and your heart. Saturated fatty acids and trans-fat is often used as an affordable substitute for healthy oils. Limit your consumption of unhealthy foods to reduce your risk of developing cardiac disorders.

  • Physical inactivity – Keep your body moving to avert the risk of heart problems. With the increase in screen time we are tending to be less physically active. This leads to the burden of non-communicable disease worldwide.

  • Excessive smoking and alcohol use – We all know smoking and alcohol is bad for our body. It kills us slowly anyway. These have been the most prominent risk factors since ages which we often tend to ignore.

  • Excessive stress – The person who is involved in stressful work often suffers from heart problems more. Maintain a healthy work life balance to avert any heart disorders.

When To Rush To a Doctor?

It is always advisable to get your heart health checked every 6 months to catch any early signs of abnormalities. The most warning signs of heart diseases that must take you to a doctor are:

  • Acute chest pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Sudden fainting

  • Radiating pain from chest to right arm

Always remember, your body always warns you about any incoming problems well in advance. It is up to you if you catch the indications early.

Well, your heart is the most important part of your body. So, it's your duty to keep it healthy.

There are several types of heart disorders with several reasons. We can definitely prevent ourselves from heart problems by following certain measures of a healthy life.

Karetrip is here to guide you to better your health and live happily. Keep reading on.

Key Takeaways

Heart disease is a new epidemic of present world

There are some serious signs and some unusual signs of heart problems.

There are different types of heart disorders based on the cause of them.

There are several risk factors for heart disorders which can be easily controlled.

You must check your heart health once every 6 months.

Be cautious about the classical signs of heart problems that need medical attention.

Be happy to keep your heart happy and healthy.

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